Eco-efficient development and design of the built environment
The key agenda in this field is based on the realisation that the socially imperative sustainability of production, maintenance and use of the built environment can only be accomplished through intensification of research on multiple levels and on an integrative campaign of action.
- Planning and design objects comprising an ecologically efficient campaign of action include a wide range of constructional elements, components and systems, also individual buildings, settlements, towns and cities, culminating in regional and supra-regional structures including transport and traffic infrastructures.
- Parts of the built environment and their use in production and consumer behaviour are ecologically efficient if they are operated in an economically efficient and ecologically favourable way. This can be tested by calculating the effects on the economy and the economic costs and benefits as they affect the regional, national and global economy (hierarchical view of economic efficiency).
- The objectives of technological optimisation processes enacted from an ecologically efficient viewpoint are to foster mass flows as well as energy flows (energy efficiency and material efficiency). An ecologically efficient monitoring of the process thus includes all thematic complexes such as sustainable power supply, renewable energies, energy-efficient building, ecological balancing of building and development projects, and the sustainable extraction, processing and recycling of raw materials.
- The degree of sustainability in the built environment depends on energy and material efficiency, but these depend in their turn on efficient planning and management processes. Hence the further development and implementation of the corresponding planning methods and instruments form an integral part of this field of research.
- There must be improvement in the knowledge of suitable political and legal background conditions that work as stimulant structures for an ecologically efficient management practised by producers and users of the built environment. Research must be done on methods for the project-based development of ecologically efficient regional and urban development and the ecologically efficient development of concrete projects focused on infrastructures and real estate. These must be established among the players involved.
Because of the complementary competences in the fields of architecture and regional planning and based on the existing and ongoing research work and projects, the Faculty sees itself in a position of being actively able to pursue the research devoted to the ecologically efficient development and design of the built environment, also to expand this effectively in close cooperation with the other faculties of the TU Wien.